Название: Английский язык - Методические указания (Бельская Г. А)

Жанр: Гуманитарные

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2.                                                      vocabulary practice

2.1. Read the following words and give their Russian equivalents

typical [΄tıpıkəl]

ordinary [΄ɔ:dınərı]

menu [΄menju:]

alcoholic [ِ ælkə΄hɔlık]

class [kla:s]

refrigeration [rıِ frıdƺə΄reı∫n]

vegetarian [ِ vedƺə΄tεərıən]

season [΄sı:zn]

vegetation [ِ vedƺə΄teı∫n]

farm [fa:m]

lord [lɔ:d]

voyage [΄vɔıdƺ]

diet [daıət]

empire [΄empaıə]

horizontally [ِ hɔrı΄zɔntəlı]

 

2.2. Check if you know 3 forms of the following verbs. Translate them

To burn, to salt, to smoke, to pickle, to cut, to serve, to drink, to eat, to store, to freeze, to spice, to curry.

2.3. Make up all possible word combinations

Adjectives

Nouns

healthy

food

English

diet

white

bread

brown

water

ordinary

beef

salted

roots

stored

vegetables

smoked

meat

spiced

fish

curried

dishes

 

2.4. Read and translate the following words

The rich, poor people, beggars, sailors, peasants, lords, masters, servants, lower classes.

2.5. Match the words in A with their equivalents from the text in B

A

B

1. to stay alive

a. similar things

2. not enough

b. to bake

3. protected

c. unfit for drinking

4. sea power

d. to subsist

5. undrinkable

e. in short supply

6. the same things

f. insulated

7. to cook

g. maritime power

8. common

h. ordinary

2.6. Match the words and phrases in A with their opposites in B

A

B

1. bottom

a. the top half of the loaf

2. to subsist

b. poor class

3. available

c. different things

4. rich class

d. a loaf of brown bread

5. the bottom half of the loaf

e. to die

6. a loaf of white bread

f. crust

7. rich people

g. in short supply

8. similar things

h. poor people

2.7. Match English adverbs in A with their Russian equivalents in B

A

B

1. greatly

a. очевидно

2. directly

b. значительно

3. often

c. специально

4. probably

d. горизонтально

5. horizontally

e. возможно

6. specially

f. часто

7. obviously

g. непосредственно

3.   Grammar practice

3.1. Form the comparative degree of the following adjectives, translate them

Poor, healthy, good, low, dirty, rich, hard, hot, coarse, available.

3.2. Translate the following parts of the sentences paying attention to the use of would + (bare) infinitive when speaking about things that happened regularly in the past

a) the loaf would be cut horizontally;

b) the dirty lower half would be given;

c) people would drink weak alcoholic beers;

d) the poor people would have very little to eat at all;

e) many of the farm animals would be killed;

f) the bottom of the loaf would probably be burnt;

g) the meat would be salted or pickled;

h) ice would be cut from ponds and lakes;

i) their food would be different;

j) the harvests would fail due to bad weather;

k) poor people would have to make do with stored root vegetables.

3.3. Translate the sentences paying attention to participial and infinitive constructions

The loaf would be cut horizontally before being served to the rich people, the bottom half being used as a plate and only the top half eaten.

Rich people ate most meat as vegetables were considered to be fit only for peasants and animals.

From this we get the common expression ‘the upper crust’ denoting richer people.

People in Britain are more likely to eat fast food than go out to eat in a restaurant.