Название: Английский язык - Методические указания (Бельская Г. А)

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lesson 5 food in history of britain

Part II

1. Active vocabulary

1.

blight n [blaıt]

– болезнь (растения)

2.

cereal n [΄sırıəl]

– каша

3.

cod n [kɔd]

– треска

4.

couple n [k٨pl]

– пара

5.

custom n [΄k٨stəm]

– обычай, привычка

6.

deep fried in batter

– запеченный в тесте

7.

devastate v [΄devə ِ steıt]

– опустошать, разорять

8.

famine relief [rı΄lı:f]

– пособие для голодающих

9.

fondness n [΄f ɔ ndnıs]

– любовь

10.

haddock n [΄hædək]

– пикша (рыба)

11.

harsh a [΄ha:∫]

– жесткий

12.

intestine n [ın΄testın]

– кишки

13.

jellied eel [΄dƺelıd΄i:l]

– заливной угорь

14.

oats n [outs]

– овёс

15.

occasionally adv [ə΄keıƺnəlı]

– изредка, время от времени

16.

ox stomach [΄ɔks΄st٨mək]

– бычий желудок

17.

oyster n [΄ɔıstə]

– устрица

18.

peculiar a [pı΄kju:ljə]

– необычный

19.

poverty n [΄pɔvətı]

– бедность

20.

pudding n [΄pudıŋ]

– пудинг

21.

remain v [rı΄meın]

– оставаться

22.

revert v [rı΄və:t]

– возвращаться

23.

snack n [snæk]

– легкая закуска

24.

soup n [su:p]

– суп

25.

tap n [tæp]

– кран

26.

tripe n [traıp]

– рубец

27.

whale n [weıl]

– кит

28.

wrap v [ræp]

– заворачивать

 

2. Vocabulary practice

Read the following words and give their Russian equivalents

traditional [trə΄dı∫ənl]

climate [΄klaımıt]

delicacy [΄delıkəsı]

recipe [΄resıpı]

metaphorical [metə΄fɔrıkəl]

to emigrate [΄emıgreıt]

popular [΄pɔpjulə]

Caribbean [ِ ِkærı΄bi:ən]

immigrant [΄ımmıgrənt]

Indian [΄ındıən]

ethnic [΄eθnık]

Chinese [t∫aı΄ni:z]

domestic [də΄mestık]

 

 

 Match the words in A with their equivalents in B

A

B

1. чаще

a. as soon as possible

2. около полудня

b. at around mid-day

3. изредка, время от времени

c. occasionally

4. как можно скорее

d. more usually

5. единственное время

e. since the war

6. никогда

f. in the past

7. со времен войны

g. never

8. в прошлом

h. the only time

9. немедленно, тотчас

i. generally

10. обычно

j. immediately

 

 Complete the sentences using words from active vocabulary

As soon as possible people ______ (возвратились) to eating the kinds of ______ (пищи) that were eaten before the war.

Certain regions had foods which were ______ (характерна) to them.

Londoners were known for their fondness for ______ (устрицам) and ______ (заливным угрям).

A ______ (блюдо) which has remained very popular is ______ (рыба с жареным картофелем).

This is occasionally ______ (готовится) in the home.

These people have brought their own favourite ______ (обычаи) and foods with them.

Grammar practice

Translate the sentences paying attention to the comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs

A much greater variety of food is eaten.

Far more curry is eaten.

Much more coffee and wine are drunk than before.

Many of these (foods) are now more commonly eaten by English people than the traditional English food.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets

A good breakfast would ______ (to consist) of cereal and milk, and fried eggs, tomatoes, sausage, bacon and bread.

This dish _____ occasionally _____ (to cook) in the home, but it is more usually ______ (to buy) from a fish and chip shop.

Many of these foods ______ now more commonly ______ (to eat) by English people than the traditional food.

More coffee and wine ______ (to drink) than before.

In Scotland oats ______ (to grow) in preference to wheat.

When the crop ______ (to devastate) by a blight many Irishmen died.

As a result of this famine thousands of Irishmen ______ (to emigrate) to the United States.

Reading

Read and translate the text.

Food in History of Britain

Part II

1. When I was young, the Second World War was either in progress or had just finished, so all kinds of food were in short supply and so foods that were strange to us were introduced, like whale meat and a peculiar fish called ‘snook’1, but these never became widely eaten. As soon as possible, people reverted to eating the kinds of food that were eaten before the war.

2. Typically, a good breakfast, eaten before work would consist of cereal and milk, and fried egg, tomatoes, sausage, bacon and bread, followed by toast and marmalade, all washed down with a couple of cups of tea. Lunch might be bread, cheese and pickle2, with afternoon tea of more bread and butter, with cakes. A full dinner in the evening might be soup, followed by meat, potatoes and two eggs with a pudding afterwards. The traditional Sunday dinner, which was the only time most people had time for a proper meal would probably be eaten at around mid-day, but customs varied greatly. Certain regions had foods which were particular to them. Londoners were known for their fondness for oysters and jellied eels, whereas in the north, tripe (ox stomach or intestines) was considered a delicacy.

3. A dish which has remained very popular is fish and chips, usually a white fish such as cod or haddock, deep fried in batter. This is occasionally cooked in the home, but is more usually bought from a fish and chip shop or chippy, sprinkled with salt and/or vinegar and carried home (or eaten on the way) wrapped in old newspapers.

4. There have always been large populations of immigrants from other countries in England, particularly since the war, and these people have brought their own favourite customs and foods with them, e. g. Caribbean, Indian, and Chinese. Many of these are now more commonly eaten by English people than the traditional foods. Nowadays, families tend not to eat together as they used to, so snack foods are popular and, of course, we have McDonalds!

Many of the cities here have districts where there are many restaurants specializing in particular ethnic foods. In places like Manchester or London, you could find every sort of food, I expect. Now that people have generally more money than in the past, a much greater variety of food is eaten and it’s hard to say what is now typically English.

Probably far more curry is eaten with chips and fish. It is safe to drink the domestic tap water in England, but much more coffee and wine are drunk than before.

5. What about the rest of the UK? Porridge is particularly associated with Scotland where oats are grown in preference to wheat, due to the harsher climate. They also make oats into small, hard biscuits called oatcakes and use it in the recipe for a strange food called haggis, which is a sheep’s stomach stuffed with oatmeal, herbs and goodness knows what else!

6. When you mention Ireland, we immediately think of potatoes which are suited to their cool, wet climate. They were so dependent on potatoes, that when the crop was devastated by a blight, many hundreds of them died, despite millions of pounds of famine relief being sent from Great Britain. As a result of this famine and the associated poverty, thousands of Irishmen emigrated to the United States.

Notes to the text:

1) snook n [snu: k] – снук (рыба);

2) pickle n [pikl] – (зд.) соленый (маринованный) огурец.

Match the words in A with their opposites from the text in B

A

B

1. mild climate

a. proper meal

2. snack food

b. typically

3. rubbish

c. delicacy

4. occasionally

d. harsh climate

5. typically English food

e. ethnic foods

 Find in the text English equivalents to the following words

a

b

c

d

рыба

мясо кита

каша

маринованный

снук

колбаса

хлеб

заливной угорь

треска

бекон

торт

запеченный в тесте

пикша

хагис

пирожное

посыпанный солью

угорь

бычий желудок

пудинг

фаршированный

Comprehension checking

Complete the sentences using information from the text.

A good breakfast would consist of ….

Lunch might be ….

A full dinner in the evening might be ….

Nowadays families tend not ….

Many of the cities here have districts where there are many ….

Haggis is associated with ….

Answer the questions. Check your answers with the text.

How did the Second World War influence eating habits?

What was a typical good breakfast?

What would lunch consist of?

What might a full dinner in the evening include?

Certain regions had foods which were particular to them, didn’t they?

Did immigrants from other countries bring their favourite foods with them?

Making conversation

Choose and think over one topic on British food from the given below

A typical English breakfast, lunch and dinner.

A traditional Sunday dinner.

The most popular dish.

Foods of immigrants and ethnic foods.

Scotch and Irish foods.

Talk to your group for one minute on your topic. The rest of the group listen and then agree or disagree

Comment on the following English proverbs. Try to give Russian ones with similar meanings

Who has never tasted bitter, knows not what is sweet.

Live not to eat, but eat to live.

As like as an apple to an oyster.

Writing

Write 2 paragraphs about eating habits

Paragraph 1. In your country.

What do people in your country usually eat and drink for breakfast, lunch, dinner?

Paragraph 2. Comparison with Britain.

What are the differences and similarities in eating habits between these 2 countries?

8.   Supplementary reading

Read and translate the recipe. Use your dictionary to check any word you don’t know

Shepherd’s Pie

Shepherd’s Pie is a very popular English dish. It originated in the north of England, but is now eaten all over the country.

Slice the onions, carrots, and mushrooms.

Fry them in a pan with the minced beef for about 8 – 10 minutes, stirring all the time.

Add the flour and stir for one more minute.

Add the beef stock and some salt and pepper and stir again until the mixture becomes thicker.

Transfer to a casserole dish and put into the oven at 190 ºC (Gas mark 5) for 25 minutes.

Meanwhile, cook the peeled potatoes in boiling salted water for 20 minutes.

Then drain and mash together with the butter and milk.

Put the potato on top of the mince mixture, grate the cheese and put it on top.

Return the dish to the oven at 200 ºC (Gas mark 6) 15 minutes.

Serve hot with a green vegetable.

Ingredients:

450 g (1 lb) minced beef

1 large onion

2 carrots

50 g (2 oz) mushrooms

25 g (1 oz) flour

300 ml (1/2 pint) beef stock

 

 

700 g (1 ½ lb) potatoes

25 g (1 oz) butter

60 ml fresh milk

50 g cheese

salt and pepper

 

Read and translate the recipe. Use your dictionary to check any word you don’t know

Macaroni Cheese

Boil 1 litre of salted water. Wait until the water is boiling before you add the macaroni so that it doesn’t stick. Cook the macaroni for 10 or 12 minutes.

After 10 minutes melt the butter in a saucepan over a low heat so that it doesn’t burn. Slowly add the flour and the mustard. Cook slowly for 2 minutes. Stir constantly. If you don’t, the sauce will become lumpy. Don’t let the mixture go down.

Add the milk slowly. Continue stirring untill the mixture boils and thickens.

Heat gently for another 2 minutes and remove the saucepan from the heat.

Stir in 100 g cheese. Add salt and pepper.

Pour out all the water from the macaroni. Add the macaroni to the sauce and mix well.

Move the macaroni and sauce to a ¾ litre heatproof dish, which you have coated inside with a little butter or oil.

Put the rest of the cheese on top and brown it under a hot grill.

 

Ingredients:

75 g macaroni

20 g of butter

20 g of flour

½ teaspoon mustard

300 ml milk

175 g grated cheese

salt and pepper

 

 

Skim the text to understand what it is about

Vegetarian food

About 10 per cent of British people are vegetarian. If you are vegetarian, eating out is quite easy in Britain because there are quite a few vegetarian restaurants. Unfortunately, there are very few good chefs who specialize in vegetarian cuisine, which means that most vegetarian food is rather boring.