Название: Английский язык (М.М. Прилуцкая, С.М. Стенникова )

Жанр: Гуманитарные

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Master ‘s degree study

 

Master of Science training in diverse fields of science is one of the major educational programmes requiring six years of study. The programme is composed of a four-year undergraduate study and a two-year graduate study in a chosen field.

After successful completion of studies graduates are awarded the master’s degree and are prepared to the following:

To do research in their professional area

To train undergraduate students as teaching assistants

To continue studies in doctoral programmes

Training is carried out in accordance with an individually designed curriculum under the guidance of a research advisor.

Applicants who successfully complete the undergraduate school and hold bachelor’s degrees are allowed for admission to the Master’s Degree programme. Admission is competitive. To be admitted an applicant is required to take tests and examinations related to the field of study.

Students who obtained their bachelor’ s degrees in engineering in NSTU may opt for the Master’s Degree programme in their field on a competitive basis.

Students holding bachelor’ s degrees in fields different from the Master’s programme have to take an obligatory examination in the chosen major covering the content requirements of the Bachelor of Science programme.

Applicants who hold bachelor’s degrees in engineering but who graduated from NSTU more than a year ago or who graduated from another university have to take tests and undergo an interview with the Admissions Boards at the Faculties.

Applications are accepted from 15-25 June. Applications include the following:

Application form

Educational documents (with full records of academic performance in related subjects)

Letters of recommendation from the previous educational institution

It is also desirable to attach a list of publications, diplomas and certificates awarded at contests and competitions and other documents confirming qualification and creative potential of an applicant.

 

1. Comprehension check

 

1. How much time is required to complete a Master’s program at NSTU? What parts is the program composed of?

2. What career opportunities do the graduates from the Master’s programs have? Which of the alternatives is better in your opinion?

3. What does an application for admission to the Master’s program include? (e.g. for those graduating from other institutions or having more than a year interval after graduation from NSTU Bachelor’s programs)

4. What is recommended to attach to an application?

 

2. Speech Practice

 

Describe the procedure of applying for admission to the Master’s programs at NSTU.

 

3. Read the following dialogue. Do you agree or disagree with the answers given below?

 

1. Why have you chosen a research-oriented program?

1. I’ve chosen this program because I think it’s a challenge to do research. It’s not just studying something, it is also doing something original on the basis of what has already been done by someone.

2. So, research is a creative type of work, isn’t it?

2. Oh, yes, beyond any doubt.

3. How could you characterize creative work?

3. In my opinion, it is further development of scientific ideas put forward by researchers in the field, looking for new ideas, and creating something entirely new.

4. Well, thank you. It seems to be the right thing. One more question, please. Why is participation in conferences of various levels considered so important for young researchers?

4. First of all, I think, it is an opportunity to meet face to face with prominent researchers in the field, to listen to their presentations, and to make your own presentations. It is an opportunity to learn something new and stimulating, and exchange ideas.

5. Do you share the view that the English language is a “communication tool” for researchers?

5. Well, yes, if it is an international conference where you have an opportunity to communicate with your foreign colleagues person-to-person, understand and discuss the papers presented. Besides, you need it for reading. Sure, it is an important, even indispensable “communication tool.”

 

6. Is research, in your opinion, teamwork or individual activity?

6. I think both. At the present time, though, it seems to be teamwork first of all.

7. Thank you very much for the interview.

7. You are welcome.

4. Study the essay given below.

 

Research Work in the Master's Program

 

Introduction

 

Being a 3d year Bachelor student I took additional courses offered by the Department of Parallel Computational Technologies. The research area of the Department seemed interesting, so I decided to do Bachelor's work at the Department and then continue it in the Master's program.

 

Research in the Field of Computational Technologies

 

The Department of Parallel Computational Technologies was formed in 1996 on the basis of Supercomputer Software Department (SSD) of the Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics in Academgorodok. The main research directions of the SSD are:

– investigations in the technologies of parallel computing and parallel programs construction for MIMD multicomputers (Laboratory for Parallel Program Synthesis under the direction of Prof. Malyshkin);

– investigations of different formal models of parallel processes, simulation of parallel algorithms and structures and elaboration of methods for high performance parallel architecture synthesis (Laboratory of Parallel Algorithms and Architectures, head of the Laboratory Dr. Piskunov);

– developing fundamental concepts, formal methods and computer tools for designing algorithmic-oriented architecture for data array processing (research group for fine-grained parallelism and cellular architecture, head of the group Dr. Bandman).

 

At present I am a master student of the Department of Parallel Computational Technologies. I am doing my thesis research in the area of parallel program synthesis.

 

The history of the subject area dates back to the middle of the

20th century. The first computers taking advantage of parallelism were manufactured in United States in the late 1950-s. Since the early

1960-s, different parallel programming concepts had been developed abroad as well as in our country.

 

It is clear now that the computer clock frequency is reaching its limit, and it is parallel computations that define the future of high-performance computing. Up to now, a large amount of sequential programs and algorithms have been developed. Now it is for us to make them work on parallel systems taking advantages of parallel execution.

 

The academic research project Assembly System (ASSY) is carried out by the SSD research staff. The main goal of ASSY project is development of parallel computing technologies and support of Parallel Assembly Programming System which is characteristic of different large block multicomputer systems. The project is supervised by Prof. Malyshkin.

 

In short, the idea of the ASSY technology is as follows:

atomic fragments of computations are programmed in conventional procedural language;

a parallel computation is typically assembled of atomic fragments that can be executed concurrently on different nodes of the parallel system.

 

The title of my master's thesis is "Language and Compiler for Describing Computational Models". I have to create a programming system for the automated construction of parallel programs, formed by sequential atomic procedures. A language for description of the relationships between atomic procedures should be developed. The description is based on the notion of a computation model, which is treated as a network, the nodes of which correspond to certain functional modules, while the edges characterize interconnections between these modules reflecting possible ways of organization of the computations. This approach was suggested by A.Kh. Tyugu in the 1970-s.

 

Conclusions

 

At NSTU, M.S. programs are research-oriented. While studying in this program I've acquired research skills to analyse, collect, and process information, and generate new ideas and original methods. Research is creative work. I think I'll continue doing this research in the Ph.D. (Cand.Sc.) program after completing the M.S. course.

5. Write a similar essay on the topic according to the plan given below.

 

1. Introduction (containing information about the field you want to investigate into, the reasons why you have chosen this very field, its significance and actuality)

2. Main part. This should contain the following information:

1. Historical background of your field of research. Contributions made by foreign and Russian schools of thought.

2. State-of-the-art (present day) of you field of research.

3. Contribution made by researchers of your department. Research projects you department participates in.

4. Your research (with the emphasis on your master’s thesis or Cand. Sc. dissertation as well as participation in conferences and publications in learned journals in English and reading scientific literature in English)

3. Conclusions (These should summarize the information presented and set goals for further research)

 

6. Give a talk about your research work.

 

Helpful vocabulary

 

do research; explore in depth; carry out an investigation; the history of the field dates back to; state-of-the-art; research effort; participate in a project; to be(a)part of a project; research team; teamwork; the project has been supported (in part) by a grant from; under the grant from; principal investigator (ведущий специалист); present the

thesis / dissertation for defense.

 

Appendix 1